Peter Galbraith

Peter Galbraith

Peter Galbraith (1973, PPE) First United States Ambassador to Croatia and United Nations' deputy special representative for Afghanistan

Peter was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1950 and he attained a BA at Harvard before completing an MA in PPE at St Catherine’s and a Juris Doctor degree from Georgetown University Law Center.

He was a professional staff member for the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations from 1979 to 1993, during which time he published a number of reports about Iraq. During the 1991 Iraqi Kurdish uprising, Galbraith travelled throughout northern Iraq, narrowly escaping across the Tigris as Iraqi forces recaptured the area. His written and televised accounts provided early warning and contributed to the decision to create a safe haven in northern Iraq. In 1992, he brought out of northern Iraq 14 tons of captured Iraqi secret police documents detailing the atrocities that had been committed against the Kurds. His work in Iraqi Kurdistan is chronicled in Samantha Power's Pulitzer-Prize-winning book A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide (Basic Books, 2002), and was the subject of a 1992 News Nightline documentary.

In 1993, President Bill Clinton appointed Galbraith as the first United States Ambassador to Croatia, during which time Galbraith was actively involved in the Croatia and Bosnia peace processes.

Beginning in 2003, Galbraith acted as an advisor to the Kurdistan Regional Government in northern Iraq. As an author and commentator, he argued that Iraq has broken up and that the U.S. occupation authorities should not try to build a strong central government over Kurdish objections. In 2009, Galbraith was appointed United Nations' Deputy Special Representative for Afghanistan where he contributed to exposing the massive fraud that took place in the 2009 Afghanistan Presidential Elections.